Could our universe be part of a wider multiverse? And could this multiverse be filled with life


Here’s an interesting story by the science editor of the Earth and Sky – Is there life in the multiverse? – Of course, as shamans, we know of the other worlds unseen by human eyes. And that are many places in our universe, not only in multiverses, where life thrives in peaceful coexistence with each and and with our Maker. But it is good to see that scientists are now also coming around to considering such possibilities.

On a personal level, I know from the past channeling sessions that I had been a Multiverse Portal Keeper in Sirius B (millions of years ago), for example. So there is no question that there are multiverses. The question is how do we access them from the physical realm on planet Earth?

New research shows that life might be common throughout the multiverse … if there is a multiverse

The word universe used to imply all that exists, but no longer. Today’s cosmologists – scientists who study the biggest of all possible big pictures – now consider the idea that our known universe might be just one of many unknown (and unknowable?) universes. They call this plethora of possible universes the multiverse.

Now scientists in the U.K. and Australia have taken an interesting step toward probing the multiverse. Their work, which is based on computer simulations, suggests that life could potentially be common throughout the multiverse, if a multiverse exists.

The findings are published May 14, 2018, in two related papers in the peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.This research, and in fact the idea of a multiverse, stems from astrophysicists’ calculations regarding dark energy. That’s the mysterious force that appears to be accelerating the expansion of our universe.

For more, see…



We have our own dead zone to worry about in the Gulf of Mexico – the size of Delaware

A double whammy: Fertilizer pollution from American Heartland and Gulf oil spills destroy marine life

A huge ‘dead zone’ in the Gulf of Oman is increasing in size, according to scientists who warn the oxygen-depleted area is worse than previously thought, and poses a threat to the environment.

The Gulf of Oman dead zone in the Arabian Sea is now the world’s biggest Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ). About the size of Scotland or Florida, the dead zone almost covers the entire Gulf of Oman, which borders Iran, Oman, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates.

Why should we care?

First, we are all sentient beings and residents of this planet. What happens in one part of the world affects us all. As John Donne put it in 1424:

“No man is an Iland, intire of it selfe; every man is a peece of the Continent, a part of the maine; if a Clod bee washed away by the SeaEurope is the lesse, as well as if a Promontorie were, as well as if a Mannor of thy friends or of thine owne were; any mans death diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankinde; And therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; It tolls for thee.” (John Donne, 1624, emphasis added)

“For whom the bell tolls? It tolls for three.” – that’s the first reason we should care.

The second reason we should care is because we also have a similar large dead zone at home, in the Gulf of Mexico.

How large?

The size of the state of Delaware. And it is largely caused by man. Farmers use fertilizer in the Heartland of America so as to feed the nation and much of the world. That fertilizer flows down the mighty Mississippi into the Gulf of Mexico. And that chemical pollution eventually depletes the ocean of oxygen, killing the marine life that depends on it.

Which is what often happens when man tries to play God. He destroys even as he tries to create.

And then, of course, there are also oil spills. Like the big BP oil spill in April 2010 which nearly killed that company, not just much of the marine life in the Gulf of Mexico. Combined with the steady pollution that flows from the Heartland America to the Gulf, these occasional one-time events represent a double whammy threat to our oceans.

What is a dead zone?

A dead zone is an area of the sea or a large body of water that’s almost entirely devoid of oxygen. The low-oxygen areas are called dead zones as they can’t sustain marine life. Fish, animals and plant life in the zones suffocate as a result of low oxygen levels, while some marine life manages to swim away from the area, leaving it empty.

Scientists began noticing increasing areas of dead zones in the 1970s. In 2008, 405 dead zones around the world were noted by Sweden’s Göteborg University.

What causes dead zones?

Dead zones can occur naturally, but also grow as a result of excessive nutrient pollution from human activities, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration explains. Many chemical, physical and biological factors combine to create dead zones, but nutrient pollutions are the primary culprit. Nitrogen and phosphorus in fertilizers run into the water, and then act as nutrients which fertilize algae.

The algae eventually dies and decomposes in the water. This then feeds bacteria which consume oxygen around them, depleting the supply.  Dead zones produce nitrous oxide, which is more damaging to the environment than carbon dioxide.

The Gulf of Mexico is home one of the largest dead zones, which occurs each spring when farmers fertilize their land and the rain washes the fertilizer into rivers and into the sea. An area in the Baltic Sea is another large dead zone.

Here’s a video about our own dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico.

For more, see…

BP oil spill of April 2019 – NASA satellite images



Today is a Sunday, Apr 22, another Earth Day. This brought back memories of another Sunday, Apr 22 – in 2012, when magic rained from the sky on that Earth Day.

Here’s a story about it as published contemporaneously, in 2012, at the then Stewards of the Earth website:

New Moon at High Noon Fire-Water-Sunlight Ceremony

Magical Blue Star Earth Light Revealed on Earth Day 2012

Magic rains from the sky (literally): “No longer will Water put out Fire. No longer will Fire burn water. You shall be the quality balance.” 

HAIKU, Maui, Apr 21, 2012 (Apr 22 elsewhere in the world) – When I went down to the gulch today to do the New Moon at High Noon fire ceremony, coincident with Annmarie’s call for a Peace Meditation and the Earth Day 2012, I never expected any miracles, such as what occurred on Feb 7 (see Full Moon at High Noon Fire Ceremony & Miraculous Signs that Followed, Feb 8). In fact, I never even thought of what happened back then until just a couple of minutes ago, when I started to write this story. But what did happen today, literally out of the blue (pun intended), was every bit as magical as any alchemical moment I have ever experienced.

Here’s a short video about what happened:

For the full story, see…

Letter from Australia: “The Night God Showed Me Proof”

HAIKU, Maui, Apr 21, 2012 – In reaction to the above story received the following letter from a reader in Sydney, Australia.  I am sharing it with you with her permission:

Hi Bob,I enjoyed reading your experience on April 21st, as well as your recount of an earlier experience when the clouds parted for you. This reminded me of my own spiritual experience just over 10 years ago.

My father was in hospital dying of cancer, and on this particular evening I raced home to get something before going back to hospital to be by his side. The rain was relentless for the few days prior to that and I think the whole of NSW was covered in thick clouds. I went through a moment of sorrow and doubt and just “told” God that if he/she was there to prove by stopping the rain. To me there was not going to be any coincidences in my “proof” as the rain was literary pouring for days.

About 5 minutes later I came out of the house to go into my car and go see my dad, and half way down my stairs I just stopped “dead”, I looked above and, not only did the rain stop, but right above me the clouds completely parted and I could see the clearest sky. It was night time and the stars shining through were in hundreds. It was a full circle opening above my house and on the sides of it I could see how thick the clouds were. I looked around me and I could see a few houses away from me in a full circle the rain was very heavy, and nothing where I stood. That lasted for about 20 min. and when I got into the car to drive to hospital the opening re-closed and it was back to normal.

I will never forget that night when God showed me proof.

I thought you might enjoy reading my experience.

Light and Love 

Mirjana Brkic

Sydney, Australia

APRIL 22, 2018


The first Earth Day – April 22, 1970 – is sometimes said to have marked the beginning of the modern environmental movement. It predates the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, for example,

It’s hard to imagine it now, but the first Earth Day was a revelation to many, a way not only of raising consciousness about environmental issues but also of bringing together separate groups that had been fighting separately against issues including oil spills, pollutions from factories and power plants, raw sewage, toxic dumps, pesticides, the loss of wilderness, air pollution and more.

At the first Earth Day in 1970, an estimated 20 million Americans – mostly white, mostly young – took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy environment and to participate in teach-ins.

But the Earth Day, especially its date – April 22, is rooted in a much older tradition. Nearly a century earlier, in 1872, the Nebraskans started celebrating the Arbor Day.  The most common practice on Arbor Day was the planting of trees.

J. Sterling Morton was a Nebraska pioneer, a writer and editor for Nebraska’s first newspaper, and later secretary of the Nebraska Territory. He advocated planting trees in what was then a dusty and treeless prairie. At a meeting of the State Board of Agriculture in January 1872, Morton proposed that Nebraska citizens set aside April 10 as a day to plant trees. He suggested offering prizes as incentives for communities and organizations that planted the most trees. It’s said that Nebraskans planted about one million trees on that first Arbor Day in 1872.

Ten years later, in 1882, Nebraska declared Arbor Day as a legal holiday and the date was changed to Morton’s birthday, April 22. Arbor Day grew to become a national observance.

For more, see… Why we observe Earth Day on April 22? –



Today I felt I needed to do something special to mark this year’s Earth Day. So I headed out to McDowell Mountains for a hike on the Calvary Hill AZ trail. I did not do the full length of the trail, only about 3/4 of it. But climbing up to and from a 2,200 ft elevation in 91°F heat more than enough of an exercise for this old body.

When I was close to the halfway point, I looked up and saw a scorpion in the sky. If it was a message from the spirit realm, it was one of protection.

Defensiveness/control/protection is evident in the scorpions appearance – which seems to say “Do not trifle with me.” One look at this magnificent creature says “back off!” does it not?

In Samaria, the scorpion is associated with the Sun, and ancient writings depict Scorpion-men guarding (protecting) sacred gateways leading to ascension, pleasure and enlightenment.

In Egypt and Tibet scorpion is seen as an omen, and is made into an amulet – signifying protection and warding off evil. In Africa, the scorpion is also seen as a healing sign – its venomous oil used for medicinal purposes. (from





While they invest in life, we invest in death

Since 2013, China has been creating 55 billion tons of artificial rain a year. The country is now embarking on its biggest rainmaking project ever. Chinese authorities intend to force rainfall and snow over 1.6 million sq km (620,000 sq miles), an area roughly three times the size of Spain.


It’s obvious. To help create new life on this planet.

“More than 500 burners have been deployed on alpine slopes in Tibet, Xinjiang and other areas for experimental use. The data we have collected show very promising results,” an unnamed researcher told the China Morning Post. “Sometimes snow would start falling almost immediately after we ignited the chamber. It was like standing on the stage of a magic show,” he said.

The Tibetan plateau is vital to the water supply for much of China and a large area of Asia. Its glaciers and reservoirs feed the Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong, and other major rivers that flow through China, India, Nepal, and other countries.

According to media reports, the government will use new military weather-altering technology developed by the state-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The country plans to build tens of thousands of combustion chambers on Tibetan mountainsides. The chambers will burn a solid fuel, which will result in a spray of silver iodide billowing towards the sky.


Now, by contrast, as this story about China’s rain-making prowess emerged in the global media headlines, our Bozo-in-Chief at the White canceled his planned South American trip to watch live the US missiles raining on Syria.

I never thought the day would come when I would say this, but even the Red Commie China is now more humane than the government of our country.  While they invest in life, we invest in death.




For the next few evenings, – April 17 to 19, 2018 – look for some gorgeous pairings of the moon and brightest planet Venus. You’ll find them in the west shortly after the sun goes down.

The moon and Venus rank as the second- and third-brightest celestial objects, respectively, after the sun. You’ll want an unobstructed western horizon to see them, and you’ll want to be outside close to the time of sunset, because Venus will soon follow the sun below the western horizon. As for the moon, it’ll be very near Venus on April 17, moving up and away from Venus on April 18 and 19.

On April 18, notice that the waxing crescent moon is closer to Aldebaran, the brightest star in the constellation Taurus the Bull. From just the right spot on Earth, you can actually watch the moon occult (cover over) Aldebaran. On the night of April 18-19, 2018, Aldebaran will disappear behind the moon’s dark side and then reappear on its illuminated side.

For more, see… Moon and Venus on April 17 to 19 –



Over 10 years ago, I wrote the Truth in Media editorial “Goring the Truth” (Oct 2007).  The piece alleged that the global warming was a hoax perpetrated by Hollywood and the liberals like Al Gore, and swallowed lock, stock and barrel by the gullible American and global public.

Here’s an excerpt from that 2007 editorial:

A British judge ruled last week that Al Gore gored the scientific truth in his much-ballyhooed “An Inconvenient Truth” documentary that got him the status of a Hollywood celeb (click here for a BBC TV report on this).  The film even won two Academy Awards this year, as well as raving accolades at the Cannes and Sundance film festivals. 

More importantly, “An Inconvenient Truth” grossed about $50 million at the box office, and millions more in DVD and book sales.  And Gore profited from his global warming hype personally.  He charges as much as $175,000 for an in-person presentation of his slide show that forms the basis for the film, according to Steven Milloy of Fox News (see below).  Finally, Gore recently won the Nobel Prize for what turns out to be at least partially a hoax.

“Based on the judge’s ruling, the footage that ought to be excised adds up to about 25 minutes or so out of the 98-minute film. What’s left is largely Gore personal drama and cinematic fluff that has nothing to do with the science of climate change,” writes Milloy in “Junk Science: Hey Gore, We Want a Refund” (Fox News, Oct 19).

Now, another article corroborated such a view, and also implicated the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the fraud.  The Stunning Statistical Fraud Behind the Global Warming Scare story in today’s Investors Business Daily said that the NOAA is “a captive of the global warming religion,” and that “its data are fraudulent..”

How did they do it?

By “lowering previously measured temperatures to show cooler weather in the past, and raising more recent temperatures to show warming in the recent present.

This creates a data illusion of ever-rising temperatures to match the increase in CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere since the mid-1800s, which global warming advocates say is a cause-and-effect relationship. The more CO2, the more warming.”

Kind of like that trial lawyer who finished his summation to the jury with the following remarks:

“And those, ladies and gentlemen of the jury, are the conclusions upon which I based my facts.” 🙂

The actual measured temperature record shows something different from the pictures presented by the NOAA. There have been hot years and hot decades since the turn of the last century, and colder years and colder decades. But the overall measured temperature shows no clear trend over the last century, at least not one that suggests runaway warming.

As Tony Heller at the Real Climate Science web site notes, “Pre-2000 temperatures are progressively cooled, and post-2000 temperatures are warmed. This year has been a particularly spectacular episode of data tampering by NOAA, as they introduce nearly 2.5 degrees of fake warming since 1895.”

So the global warming scare is basically a hoax.

For more, see… Stunning Statistical Fraud Behind the Global Warming Scare –

Back to Al Gore’s Goring the Truth. This is what I wrote in April 2010:

I started using Windows 3.1 in 1993.

At about the same time, a newborn broke through the eggshell of academia labs and entered the public domain.  Al Gore called it the nation’s “electronic superhighway.”  Later, it was named the Internet.  So some claimed that Gore was the “Father of the Internet.”  The same people later named him the “Father of Global Warming.” 

But Gore is yet to make a connection between overheated laptop batteries and melting glaciers.  When he does, the same people (fools) will call him the “Father of Wisdom.” 


Ever since Galileo Galilei first observed Jupiter closely in 1610 using a telescope of his own design, scientists and astronomers have been immensely fascinated by the Jovian planet. And the fascination continues to this day.

The June spacecraft has been sending stunning images and other surprising data from Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system. And some of its finding have turned the scientific community’s previous opinions about Jupiter on its ear.

The Juno spacecraft has found, for example, that Jupiter’s interior composition and structure seems to be quite different, and its winds even more active, than originally thought.

Now, giant cyclones at the planet’s poles have been seen in greater detail than ever before. They are not only stunning, but unique from atmospheric storms of any other planet in our solar system, even other gas and ice giants.

Also, other new data from Juno builds on previous findings, including showing that the planet’s strong winds penetrate deep into the atmosphere and last longer than any similar ones on our planet.

In a statement from NASA, Scott Bolton, principal investigator of Juno from the Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, said:

These astonishing science results are yet another example of Jupiter’s curve balls, and a testimony to the value of exploring the unknown from a new perspective with next-generation instruments. Juno’s unique orbit and evolutionary high-precision radio science and infrared technologies enabled these paradigm-shifting discoveries.

Juno is only about one-third the way through its primary mission, and already we are seeing the beginnings of a new Jupiter.

Jupiter’s atmospheric marvels are not limited to its equatorial regions, however; Juno has provided unprecedented views of the planet’s poles, where massive cyclones churn with unearthly ferocity. Infrared images created from data taken by the Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) instrument look almost surreal, like cosmic artwork.

The clusters of cyclones around the poles look kind of like a space pizza – a dazzling, yet unearthly sight. Alberto Adriani, Juno co-investigator from the Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology, Rome, and lead author of one of the new papers, said:

Prior to Juno we did not know what the weather was like near Jupiter’s poles. Now, we have been able to observe the polar weather up-close every two months.

Each one of the northern cyclones is almost as wide as the distance between Naples, Italy, and New York City – and the southern ones are even larger than that. They have very violent winds, reaching, in some cases, speeds as great as 220 mph (350 kph). Finally, and perhaps most remarkably, they are very close together and enduring.

There is nothing else like it that we know of in the solar system.

For more, see…

Jupiter’s Powerful Auroras ‘Defy Earthly Laws of Physics’

The planet’s polar auroras seem to behave different from would be expected, based on what is known about auroras on Earth.

“Almost nothing is as we anticipated,” Juno’s principal investigator Scott Bolton had previously told WIRED. “But it’s exciting that Jupiter is so different than we assumed.”

“The data’s telling us our ideas are all wrong,” says Randy Gladstone, lead investigator of Juno’s ultraviolet spectrograph. “But that’s fun.”

Jupiter is a complex planet, and thanks to Juno, we now know it is even more complex than first thought. As reported earlier in AmericaSpace, it is now a “whole new world.” The planet’s auroras are one good example. Scientists had expected them to be about 10 – 30 times stronger than those on Earth, but according to Juno, they are a hundred times more powerful. That’s a fascinating problem, since according to what we know about them on Earth, they shouldn’t be; they are essentially “defying Earthly laws of physics.”

“Basically, the aurora is a factor of 10 brighter than it should be based on Earth-like physics,” Mauk said.

Juno also recently took the closest-ever images of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, a gigantic long-lived storm in the atmosphere.

“Jupiter’s mysterious Great Red Spot is probably the best-known feature of Jupiter,”  said Scott Bolton, principal investigator of Juno from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. “This monumental storm has raged on the Solar System’s biggest planet for centuries. Now, Juno and her cloud-penetrating science instruments will dive in to see how deep the roots of this storm go, and help us understand how this giant storm works and what makes it so special.”

For more, see…

Jupiter – The Fascinating Planet

Ever since Galileo Galilei first observed Jupiter closely in 1610 using a telescope of his own design, scientists and astronomers have been immensely fascinated by the Jovian planet. Not only is it the Solar System’s largest planet, but there are still things about this world – despite centuries of research and numerous exploration missions – that continue to mystify even our greatest minds.

One of the main reasons for this is because Jupiter is so starkly different from what we Earth-dwellers consider to be normal. Between its incredible size, mass, composition, the mysteries of its magnetic and gravitational fields, and its impressive system of moons, its existence has shown us just how diverse planets can truly be.

Size, Mass and Density:

Earth’s has a mean radius of 6,371 km (3,958.8 mi), and a mass of 5.97 × 1024 kg. Jupiter has a mean radius of 69,911 ± 6 km (43441 mi) and a mass of 1.8986×1027 kg. In short, Jupiter is almost 11 times the size of Earth, and about 318 times as massive. However, Earth’s density is significantly higher, since it is a terrestrial planet – 5.514 g/cm3 compared to 1.326 g/cm³.

Because of this, Jupiter’s “surface” gravity is significantly higher than Earth normal – i.e. 9.8 m/s² or 1 g. While, as a gas giant, Jupiter has no surface per se, astronomers believe that within Jupiter’s atmosphere where the atmospheric pressure is equal to 1 bar (which is equal to Earth’s at sea level), Jupiter experiences a gravitational force of 24.79 m/s2 (which is the equivalent of 2.528 g).




Ready for some more Sunday PM “popular science?”


How Will Juno Spacecraft Survive Devastating Radiation When It Starts Orbiting the Deadly Planet in July?


Did you know that Jupiter is the size of 1,300 Earths?

Mighty Jupiter is incomprehensibly large. More massive than all the other planets and asteroids in the solar system combined, Jupiter is the size of 1,300 Earths. As if such a big guy needed any additional protection, Jupiter is also swathed in radiation that’s many thousands of times harsher than around Earth.
“Jupiter is by far the most severe radiation environment of any body in the solar system, other than the Sun,” says Kevin Rudolph, an engineer at Lockheed Martin who helped design and build the Juno spacecraft.
The Juno spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter on July 4 of this year and will orbit it for two years. How will Juno survive such blistering radiation?
“We’re basically an armored tank,” says Juno principle investigator Scott Bolton. “This mission is a first for NASA in many ways. It’s probably one of the biggest challenges they’ve attempted, to get this close to Jupiter.”
Here’s why…

Where Does The Radiation Come From?

Jupiter’s large metal core gives it a magnetic field 20,000 times larger than Earth’s. And just like Earth’s magnetic field, the Jovian magnetosphere traps the electrically charged particles that stream out from the sun.
The particles in the magnetosphere build up over time, and many become more dangerous. As the planet spins, the Jovian magnetic field whips around, too, accelerating all those charged protons and electrons that got caught in the magnetic net. They also take on more energy as they crash into other.
“You end up with essentially BBs,” says Rudolph. But they’re sub-atomic, so they can pass through a spacecraft’s solid hull and spell trouble for a spacecraft’s electronics.
“Those BB-like particles will fly into an electronic circuit and knock the atoms off the chip, or knock the electrons in the circuitry out of position. If they knock enough out, it can destroy the circuit.”
For more, see… How The Juno Spacecraft Will Survive Jupiter’s Devastating Radiation




NASA has released a spectacular image of the majestic Crab Nebula in the constellation of Taurus. The image is a composite of a series captured by the agency’s x-ray, optical and infrared satellites.

First recorded by astronomers in 1054 AD, the Crab Nebula was formed when a star exhausted its supply of nuclear fuel and collapsed. Now, it is powered by a quickly spinning neutron star, known as a pulsar. NASA’s image shows waves of matter emanating from both the north and south poles of the pulsar, which is shaped like a phosphorescent wizard’s hat.

NASA says that this effect is caused by the pulsar’s rapid rotation and a powerful magnetic field, which create jets of matter and antimatter. The different colors in the image represent the stills captured by NASA’s different satellites throughout the years. The blue and white colors represent pictures taken from the Chandra Telescope, while the purple color is from the Hubble Space Telescope and the pink color is from the Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Chandra Observatory, which will celebrate the 20th anniversary of its launch next year, is an X-ray satellite. While Hubble is an optical satellite, which takes simple pictures of objects throughout the cosmos, Chandra captures gases and other materials with such a small wavelength that they tend to pass through most matter. Meanwhile, an infrared telescope, such as the Spitzer, identifies celestial bodies by scanning for signs of radiation.

Here’s a short video clip which provides additional explanations.

For mores, see…


Wonders of Nature

On Friday, Elizabeth and I drove up to Carefree and Cave Creek area. We were surprised to find there several art and wine festivals taking place at different venues at the same time.

This photo was taken at Carefree near the world-famous Sun Dial. It’s probably the biggest lizard I have ever seen. Judging by the coloring, I would guess it is a Gila Monster. They are quite common in the Arizona desert.


Gila monster is a species of venomous lizard native to the southwestern US (Arizona) and northwestern Mexican state of Sonora. A heavy, typically slow-moving lizard, up to two feet​ long, the Gila monster is the only venomous lizard native to the United States

​One of the legends about the Gila Monster is that once it bites, its jaw locks in and it does not let go of its victim even when killed. Here’s a story from the old western pioneer days in Arizona.

On May 8, 1890, southeast of TucsonArizona Territory, Empire Ranch owner Walter Vail captured and thought he had killed a Gila monster. He tied it to his saddle but it bit the middle finger of his right hand and wouldn’t let go.

A ranch hand pried open the lizard’s mouth with a pocketknife, cut open his finger to stimulate bleeding, and then tied saddle strings around his finger and wrist.

They summoned Dr. John C. Handy of Tucson, who took Vail back to Tucson for treatment, but Vail experienced swollen and bleeding glands in his throat for sometime afterward.

Well, at least he supposedly survived the bite. Some others weren’t so lucky. Here’s another colorful anecdote about Gila Monsters:

The Tombstone Epitaph of Tombstone, Arizona, wrote about a Gila monster that a local person caught on May 14, 1881:

This is a monster, and no baby at that, it being probably the largest specimen ever captured in Arizona. It is 27 inches long and weighs 35 lb. It was caught by H. C. Hiatt on the road between Tombstone and Grand Central Mill and was purchased by Messrs. Ed Baker and Charles Eastman, who now have it on exhibition at Kelley’s Wine House, next door above Grand Hotel, Allen Street.

​Here’s also a New York Times video clip from a 1959 black and white film about a Giant Gila Monster terrorizing a small Texas Town.

Screen Shot 2018-03-17 at 5.58.13 PM

Here’s another video of a man actually catching a Gila Monster with his bare hands:



Men are from Mars, women are from Venus?

The title of this 1992 bestseller by John Gray might be a bit misleading.

Take a good look at these two images, the header photo and this panorama shot:

Screen Shot 2018-03-16 at 6.54.19 PM copy

Where do you suppose these shots were taken?

My first guess would have been somewhere in the Arizona desert. I should know. Arizona is my home state.

Well, think again. These amazing shots were taken more than 140 million miles away from Arizona by the NASA spacecraft Curiosity rover. These are the foothills of Mount Sharp in Gale Crater on Mars.

So it turns out that men may be actually from Arizona, not Mars, if John Gray’s title were taken literally. Which is a lot closer to Venus than is Mars. 🙂

Curiosity has also confirmed that Gale Crater used to contain a lake or series of lakes a few billion years ago, and fast-moving streams once emptied into the lake through the crater rim.

The above panorama was first posted by Thomas Appéré, who is an Associate Scientist at IPAG (l’Institut de Planétologie et d’ Astrophysique de Grenoble) in Grenoble, France. The rover is still making its way closer to these foothills at the base of the much taller mountain.

The mesas and the canyons are very reminiscent of the scenery in the American Southwest. No wonder Mars has been know for centuries as the Red Planet, just like parts of Arizona (Sedona) are famous as the Red Rock Country.


But that’s where the similarities between Arizona and Mars stop. The average temperature on Mars is −55 °C (218 K; −67 °F). The average temperature in Arizona desert (Phoenix) is 90°F (32°C), with the three summer months averaging 106°F (41°C).

You’ve seen that on average, Mars is 140 million miles away from us. But since both the Earth and Mars have elliptic orbits, they can be as much as 250 million miles (401 million km) apart.

The Martian atmosphere is composed mainly of carbon dioxide and has a mean surface pressure of about 600 pascals (Pa), much lower than the Earth’s 101,000 Pa. One effect of this is that Mars’ atmosphere can react much more quickly to a given energy input than that of Earth’s atmosphere. As a consequence, Mars is subject to strong thermal tides produced by solar heating and cooling.

The Martian year lasts 687 days, roughly 2 Earth years. As on Earth, Mars’ obliquity dominates the seasons but, because of the large eccentricity, winters in the southern hemisphere are long and cold while those in the North are short and warm.

Mars is also much smaller than the Earth. Its radius is the equivalent of roughly 0.53 Earths. However, it’s mass is just 10.7% that of Earth’s.

That’s because Mars formed in a region of the solar system which was relatively depleted of planet-forming material (like those Venus or Earth). The Grand Tack theory holds that Jupiter and Saturn migrated toward the sun shortly after they formed, then headed back out toward the outer solar system once again. These movements would have swept lots of material up from Mars’ neck of the cosmic woods or scattered it away.

Not very neighborly of Jupiter and Saturn, is it? The two biggest planets in our solar system behaved like big bullies, according to this scientific theory.

For more, see…